What is risk insurance?


Risk insurance refers to the risk or possibility of a harmful or force majeure event involving loss or damage to valuable property of the person or injury or death to that person where insurers assess these risks and on the basis of which, these are the premiums which The policyholder will have to pay


  • Risk insurance involves estimating the cost to be paid to the insurance policyholders who incur losses due to them, which are covered by the policy. This includes a range of risks such as theft, loss, or damage to property or the possibility of injury to someone else; There is a possibility that something unexpected or harmful could happen at any time.
  • It develops into the calculation of the payment of financial value for damages that may occur to the insured property or item that may be lost, injured, or accidentally destroyed or frequently. It also tells you how much it will cost to replace or in case of such loss, repair such insured article to cover the loss caused to the policyholder. Insurers will calculate claims and evaluate their risks.


The following are the different types of risk in insurance:

#1 – Pure Risk

Net risk refers to a situation where it is certain that the outcome will only harm the individual or may lead to a break-even situation for the larger individual, but it may never benefit the individual. An example of a net risk includes the potential for damage to a home due to a natural disaster.
If a natural disaster occurs, it will cause damage to the person’s home and household goods, or not affect that person’s home and household items. Still this natural calamity will not give any benefit or benefit to the person. So, it will come under pure risk, and these risks are insurable.

#2 – Speculative Risk

Speculative risk refers to a situation where the direction of the outcome is not specific, i.e. it may lead to a loss, profit or break-even situation. These risks are usually not insurable. An example of speculative risk involves the purchase of shares of a company by an individual.
Now, the prices of the shares can move in any direction, and a person can make either a loss, a profit, or a no loss, no profit at the time of the sale of those shares. So, it will come under speculative risk.

#3 – Financial Risk

financial risk
Refers to the threat in which the outcome of the event can be measured in money terms, i.e. any loss caused by the risk can be measured in monetary value by the person concerned. An example of financial risk includes the loss of goods in a company’s warehouse due to a fire. These risks are insurable and are generally the main subjects of insurance.

#4 – Non-financial risk

Non-financial risk refers to the risk in which the outcome of the event cannot be measured in money terms, i.e. any loss caused by the risk cannot be measured in monetary value by the person concerned. An example of non-financial risk includes the risk of poor brand selection when buying a mobile phone. These risks are not insurable because they cannot be measured.

#5 – Special Risk

Special risk refers to the risk that arises mainly due to the actions or interventions of an individual or a group of persons. Therefore, the origin of the particular risk at the individual level and the impact of the same is felt at the local level. Examples of a typical occasion include an accident on a bus. These risks are insurable and are generally the main subjects of insurance.

#6 – Fundamental Risk

Fundamental risk refers to the risk that arises due to factors not within an individual’s control. Therefore, it can be said that fundamental risk is impersonal in its origin and consequences. The impact of these exposures inevitably falls on the group, that is, it affects the larger population. Fundamental risk includes risk on the group from events like natural disaster, economic downturn, etc. These risks are insurable.

#7 – Fixed risk

Fixed risk refers to the risk that remains constant over a period of time and is usually not affected by the business environment. These risks arise from human mistakes or acts of nature. An example of static risk involves embezzlement of funds.
by its employees in a company. They are generally easily insurable because they are easy to measure.

#8 – Dynamic Risk

Dynamic risk refers to the risk that arises when the economy changes. These risks are generally not easy to predict. These changes can cause financial loss to the members of the economy. An example of dynamic risk includes changes in the income of individuals in the economy, their tastes, preferences, etc. They are generally not easily insurable.

concept of risk insurance

The term of risk in insurance says how insurers evaluate their risk in issuing an insurance policy to policyholders, which may be due to loss, theft, or damage to property or even injury to someone. This concept also says that the types of risks are involved in issuing insurance. It also helps insurers to assess the risk and calculate the claims that can be paid in case of loss or loss at any time in future.


Thus the risk in insurance or insurance is the possibility of unforeseen events occurring, which may cause damage to the person or his property. Most of the risks nowadays are insurable by insurance companies. These companies calculate the probability of events and their impact and then calculate the premium accordingly.